Curriculum Vitae or a Resume

In the United States, a curriculum vitae (CV) is used primarily when applying for academic, scientific, or research positions.  A resume is used when applying for most other positions.  For more information on preparing effective CVs and resumes and the differences in these documents, see the links below:

Translating Academic Experience for a Non-Academic Audience

When applying for a position outside of academia, it is important to translate your qualifications and skills for a non-academic audience.  Simply listing intellectual accomplishments and specialized knowledge on a resume may not intuitively equate to the skills and knowledge the employer requires. It is important to articulate to prospective employers how the skills you have developed through academic research and study will be assets in their non-academic settings. Unless you know that an employer is specifically interested in your research topic, it is usually more effective to simply mention the title of your thesis and then use skills-based work impact statements to highlight the skills you will bring to their organization.

Cover Letters

Cover letters should be prepared following the guidance provided in the cover letter development section of the student guide to employment. When applying for an academic position, the cover letter should also include a statement of research and teaching interests.  Some institutions may require a statement of teaching philosophy when teaching duties will be assigned. Make sure that your cover letter and supporting documents directly address the requirements stated in the application instructions.