Curriculum Vitae or a Resume
In the United States, a curriculum vitae (CV) is used primarily when applying for academic, scientific or research positions. A resume is used when applying for most other positions. For more information on preparing effective CVs and resumes and the differences in these documents, see the links below
Translating Academic Experience for a Non-Academic Audience
As previously mentioned, when applying for a position outside of academia, it is important to translate your qualifications and skills for a non-academic audience. Simply listing intellectual accomplishments and specialized knowledge on a resume may not intuitively equate to the skills and knowledge that the employer requires. It is important to articulate to prospective employers how the skills you have developed through academic research and study will be assets in their non-academic settings. Unless you know that an employer is specifically interested in the topic of your research, it is usually more effective to simply mention the title of your thesis and then use skills-based work impact statements to highlight the skills that you will bring to their organization.
Cover letters should be prepared following the guidance provided in the Student Guide to Employment. When applying for an academic position, the cover letter should also include a statement of research and teaching interests. Some institutions may require a statement of teaching philosophy when teaching duties will be assigned. Make sure that your cover letter and support documents directly address the requirements stated in the application instructions.