R Dennis Vigil

  • Professor
  • Associate Chair

Main Office

3037 Sweeney
Ames, IA 50011-1098
Phone: 515-294-6438
Fax: 515-294-2689


Ph.D. Chemical Engineering, University of Michigan, 1990 M.S. Chemical Engineering, University of Michigan, 1986 B.S. Chemical Engineering, University of New Mexico, 1985

Interest Areas

I am interested developing and validating new models and computational methods for simulating the behavior of multiphase processes, particularly as they relate to important technological problems such as nanoparticle and advanced materials synthesis, enhanced oil recovery and aquifer remediation, and development of novel reaction engineering and separation approaches for algaculture.

Research Projects

  • Kinetics of Aggregation and Breakage: Examples of coagulation, clustering, aggregation, breakage, and fragmentation are ubiquitous in nature and play an important role in processes as diverse as nanoparticle synthesis, blood coagulation, polymerization, crystallization, aerosol dynamics, and even galactic clustering. We are particularly interested in extending aggregation theory by developing new analytical solutions and numerical methods to solve population balance equations. We are also developing methods for obtaining aggregation and breakage rate kernels used in macroscopic descriptions of aggregation from molecular simulations such as molecular and Brownian dynamics.
  • Reactive Precipitation: The production of nanoparticles with well-controlled properties is an important and difficult materials synthesis problem. Such processes often employ reactive precipitation in a batch, semi-batch, or a continuous-flow microreactor, and the interaction between mixing, nucleation, growth, and agglomeration is complex. We are using computational fluid dynamics coupled with mathematically tractable population balance equations to develop accurate models for predicting particle properties.
  • Vibration-induced Mobilization of Oil Trapped in Porous Media: The development of methods for mobilizing residual organic liquids trapped in porous media is becoming increasingly important as world demand for oil increases and because of the need to remediate aquifers degraded by slow-dissolving organic contaminants. Low-frequency elastic wave stimulation is one such technique, but until recently the lack of a mechanistic understanding of the effects of vibration on mobilization of oil ganglia has prevented the method from being applied predictably in the field. In conjunction with our geophysicist collaborator, Prof. Igor Beresnev, we have developed a capillary-physics explanation to explain vibration-induced mobilization of trapped non-wetting organic fluids in porous media and have carried out bench-scale experiments to validate this mechanism. However, many issues remain unresolved before vibration-based mobilization techniques can be optimized and implemented reliably in the field, including delineating the effects of pore geometry, as well as the roles of viscous forces, surface wetting, and droplet breakup. We are currently working to extend our theory to account for these other factors through the use of mathematical analysis, computational fluid dynamics simulations, and flow visualization experiments.
  • Novel Photobioreactors: Microalgae-based production of transportation fuel has become a high priority on the national research agenda because of the potential that this technology possesses for replacing non-renewable fuels and reducing greenhouse gas emissions. While much attention has been focused on developing elite strains of microorganisms for this purpose, perhaps the largest barrier to large-scale implementation of algae-based biorefineries are the process engineering challenges related to efficiently delivering light and nutrients to these microorganisms and harvesting desired products. We are working on novel photobioreactors that have the potential for simultaneously increasing biofuel production rates and separating biofuel products while minimizing energy utilization.
  • Multiphase Couette-Taylor Flow: The vortex structure in a Couette-Taylor (CT) cell has applications to a variety of chemical processing problems, such as emulsion polymerization and extraction. For example, CT flow can be used to closely approximate a plug-flow reactor for sufficiently large rotation rates and annular gap widths. The optimization of these systems requires a fundamental understanding of the effect of various operational parameters on the hydrodynamic structure and mixing characteristics. Although there has been much progress in the understanding of homogeneous CT flow, relatively little is known about the behavior of multiphase CT flow. We are working to overcome this gap for liquid-liquid systems through the use of particle image velocimetry experiments and CFD calculations.
Teaching Spring Semester 2018
  • Ch E 382, Chemical Reaction Engineering (Section A)

Brief Biography


Selected Publications