Duane D. Johnson


Distinguished Professor [M S E]

Anson Marston Distinguished Professor of Engineering (2021-current)
F. Wendell Miller Professor of Energy Sciences (2010-2022)


130 Spedding
2416 Pammel Dr.
Ames, IA 500112416


Google Scholar:    https://scholar.google.com/citations?hl=en&user=L9vy2hUAAAAJ


  • Ph.D. Physics, University of Cincinnati, 1985
  • Post-Doctoral Research Fellow, University of Bristol, 1985-1986
  • NAS/NRC Post-Doctoral Research Fellowship, Naval Research Laboratory, 1987-1988


  • Anson Marston Distinguished Professor of Engineering, Iowa State University, 2021-present
  • F. Wendell Miller Professor, Materials Science & Engineering, Iowa State University, 2010-2022
  • Chief Research Officer (CRO), DOE’s Ames Laboratory, Iowa State University, 2010-2016
  • Director of the Materials Computation Center (MC2) at UIUC, 2000-2010
  • Ivan Racheff Professor, University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign (MatSE & Physics), 2009-2010
  • Professor, University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign (MatSE & Physics), 2004-2010
  • Associate Professor, University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign (MatSE & Physics), 1997-2004
  • Senior Member of Technical Staff, Sandia National Laboratories (Livermore, CA), 1988-1997

Areas of Interest

  1. Materials Design & Discovery
  2. Materials Theory, Computational materials science, and algorithms 
  3. Thermodynamics, mechanics, and chemistry of materials via electronic-structure methods

Honors and Awards

  • Thesis Research Fellowship, Oak Ridge National Laboratory (1983-1984)
  • National Research Council Post-Doctoral Fellow (1987-1988)
  • Award for Excellence, Sandia National Laboratories (1993)
  • Editorial Board, “Methods in Materials Science” (1997)
  • North Atlantic Treaty Organization (AGARD) Invited Lecturer (1997)
  • Member, Materials Science Critical Technology Sector/Phase Transitions, ASM (2000-2010)
  • Collins Scholar, Academy for Excellence in Engineering Education, University of Illinois-UC (2000)
  • Fellow, American Physical Society (2003)
  • Xerox Award for Faculty Research, University of Illinois-Urbana-Champaign (2004)
  • Listed in Who’s Who in America (2005)
  • Bliss Faculty Scholar, University of Illinois-Urbana-Champaign (2005-2009)
  • Member-at-Large (elected), Division of Computational Physics, American Physical Society (2005-2008)
  • Silver “Humie” Award, with student K. Sastry, human competitive award at the Genetic and Evolutionary Computation Conference and Best Paper in Real World Applications track (2006)
  • Chair-Elect, Division of Computational Physics, American Physical Society (2008-2010)
  • NCSA Faculty Fellow, University of Illinois-Champaign (2009)
  • Ivan Racheff Professor of Materials Science, University of Illinois-Urbana-Champaign (2009-2010)
  • DoE Hydrogen Program 2010 “Special Recognition Award” for Metal-Hydride Center of Excellence “In Recognition of Outstanding Contributions to the Department of Energy
  • Inviteé Professor, École Centrale Paris (2010-2013)
  • Special Editor, Computer Physics Communication (2010-2012)
  • Excellence in Reviewing, Acta Materialia (2015)
  • Ames Laboratory Inventor Incentive Award (2019): Polymers for Caloric Applications
  • F. Wendell Miller Professor of Energy Science, Iowa State University (2010-2021)
  • Anson Marston Distinguished Professor of Engineering, Iowa State University (2021-current)
  • Excellence in Reviewing, Acta Materialia (2022)


Select Publications:


“Rapid discovery of high hardness multi-principal-element alloys using a generative adversarial network model,” Acta Materialia 257, 119177 (2023).   https://doi.org/10.1016/j.actamat.2023.119177

“Interplay between Kondo and Magnetic interactions in Pr0.75Gd0.25ScGeH,” Journal of Alloys & Compound (JALCOM) 966, 171351 (2023).  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jallcom.2023.171351

“Design of refractory multi-principal-element alloys for high-temperature applications,” npj Comput. Mater. 9, 141 (2023).  https://doi.org/10.1038/s41524-023-01095-4 

 A ductility metric for refractory-based multi-principal-element alloys,” Acta Materialia 257, 119104 (2023).   https://doi.org/10.1016/j.actamat.2023.119104 

 “Probing of the non-innocent role of P in transition-metal phosphide HER electrocatalysts via replacement with electropositive Si,” Chemistry of Materials 35, 5300-5310 (2023).  https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.chemmater.3c00460

“Orientation Dependence of the Effect of Short-Range Ordering on the Plastic Deformation of a Medium Entropy Alloy,” Materials Science & Engineering A VOL, 145309 (2023).  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.msea.2023.145309 

 “Universal maximum strength of solid metals and alloys,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 130, 166101 (2023). https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.130.166101 

“Accurate prediction of short-range order and its effect on thermodynamic, structural, and mechanical properties of disordered alloys: exemplified in archetypal Cu3Au,” Materials Today Communications 35, 106214 (2023).   https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mtcomm.2023.106214

“Bayesian Optimization with Active Learning of Design Constraints using an Entropy-based Approach,” npj Computational Materials 9: 49 (2023). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41524-023-01006-7 

 “High-throughput exploration of WMoVTaNbAl refractory multi-principal-element alloys under multiple-property constraints,” Acta Materialia 248, 118784 (2023).    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.actamat.2023.118784 

 “High-Mass loading of flower-like NiMoS2 microspheres toward efficient intercalation pseudocapacitive electrode,” ACS Applied Energy Materials 2c03257 (2023).  https://doi.org/10.1021/acsaem.2c03257 

 Oxidation Mechanism in a Refractory Multi-Principal-Element Alloy at High Temperature,” Acta Materialia 246, 118719-10 (2023)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.actamat.2023.118719 


“Extreme Hardness at High Temperature with a Lightweight Additively Manufactured Multi-Principal-Element Superalloy,” Applied Materials Today 29, 101669 (2022). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apmt.2022.101669    

“Multi-Objective Materials Bayesian Optimization with Active Learning of Design Constraints: Design of Ductile Refractory Multi-Principal-Element Alloys,” Acta Materialia 236, 118133 (2022). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.actamat.2022.118133

“Distilling physical origins of hardness in multi-principal element alloys directly from ensemble neural network models,” npj Computational Materials 8, 153 (2022). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41524-022-00842-3     

“Vacancy formation energies and migration barriers in multi-principal-element alloys,”  Acta Materialia 226, 117611-9 (2022).    /10.1016/j.actamat.2021.117611     

“Between harmonic crystal and glass: solids with dimpled potential-energy surfaces having multiple local energy minima,” Crystals 12 (1), 84-19 (2022).    /10.3390/cryst12010084       

“Effect of substitutional doping and disorder on the phase stability, magnetism, and half-metallicity of Heusler alloys,” Acta Materialia 225, 117477 (2022).   /10.1016/j.actamat.2021.117477    

“Grain-size effects on the deformation in nanocrystalline multi-principal-element alloys,” Materials Chemistry and Physics 277, 125546-8 (2022). /10.1016/j.matchemphys.2021.125546

“Towards Stacking Fault Energy Engineering in FCC High-Entropy Alloys,” Acta Materialia 224, 117472-16 (2022).      /10.1016/j.actamat.2021.117472   


“Effect of electric hysteresis on fatigue behavior in antiferroelectric bulk ceramics under bipolar loading,” Mater. Chem. C 9, 15542-15551 (2021). /10.1039/D1TC03520G

“Pseudo-elastic deformation in Mo-based refractory multi-principal-element alloys,” Acta Materialia 220, 117299 (2021).     /10.1016/j.actamat.2021.117299   

“Martensitic phase transformation in Fe40Mn40Co10Cr10 high-entropy alloy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 127, 115704 (2021).   10.1103/PhysRevLett.127.115704     

“Designing order-disorder transformation in high-entropy ferritic steels,” J. Materials Research  (2021), 1-9.  /10.1557/s43578-021-00336-w

“Machine-Learning Assisted Prediction of the Young’s Modulus of Compositionally Complex Alloys”, Scientific Reports (Nature) 11, 17149 (2021).  /10.1038/s41598-021-96507-0    

“CoCrFeNi high-entropy alloy as enhanced hydrogen evolution catalyst in acidic solution,”  J. Phys. Chem. C 125, 17008 (2021).     /10.1021/acs.jpcc.1c03646

“Neural-networks model for force prediction in multi-principal-element alloys,” Comput. Mater. Sci. 198, 110693 (2021).   /10.1016/j.commatsci.2021.110693  

“Effect of electric hysteresis on fatigue behavior in antiferroelectric bulk ceramics under bipolar loading,” Mater. Chem. C 9, 15542-15551 (2021). 10.1039/D1TC03520G

“Machine-learning-guided descriptor selection for predicting corrosion resistance in multi-principal-element alloys”,  NPJ Mat. Degrad. (2021).

“Pseudo-elastic deformation in Mo-based refractory multi-principal-element alloys,” Acta Materialia 220, 117299 (2021).        /10.1016/j.actamat.2021.117299    

“Enhanced Oxidation Resistance of (Mo95W5)85Ta10(TiZr)5 Refractory Metal Multi-Principal Element Alloy up to 1300°C”, Acta Materialia 215, 117114 (2021).   10.1016/j.actamat.2021.117114

“Accelerating the computational modeling and design of high-entropy alloys,” Nature Computational Science 1, 54-61 (2021). 10.1038/s43588-020-00006-7


“Vacancy-mediated complex phase selection in high entropy alloys,” Acta Materialia 194, 540-546 (2020).  10.1016/j.actamat.2020.04.063

“First-principles prediction of incipient order in arbitrary high-entropy alloys: exemplified in Ti0.25CrFeNiAlx,” Acta Materialia 189, 248-254 (2020).   10.1016/j.actamat.2020.02.063

“Crystallographic Facet Selective HER Catalysis: Exemplified in FeP and NiP2 Single Crystals,” Chem. Sci. 11, 5007-5016 (2020).  10.1039/d0sc00676a

Exploring the role of electronic structure on photo-catalytic behavior of carbon-nitride (C3N4) polymorphs,”  Carbon 168, 125-134 (2020).    /10.1016/j.carbon.2020.04.008  


Designed materials with a giant magnetocaloric effect near room temperature,”  Acta Materialia 180, 341-348 (2019).  10.1016/j.actamat.2019.09.023

“Reliable thermodynamic estimators for screening caloric materials,” Alloys & Compounds (JALCOM) 802, 712-722 (2019).    10.1016/j.jallcom.2019.06.150

“Tuning phase-stability and short-range ordering through Al-doping in (CoCrFeMn)1-xAlx (x ≤ 20) high entropy alloys,” Phys. Rev. Mater. 3, 075002-9 (2019).    10.1103/PhysRevMaterials.3.075002  

“Revealing the nature of the antiferro-quadrupolar ordering in Cerium Hexaboride (CeB6),” Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 076401-6 (2019). 10.1103/PhysRevLett.122.076401


“Lattice instability during solid-solid structural transformations under general applied stress tensor: example of Si I to Si II with metallization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 121, 165701 (2018). 10.1103/PhysRevLett.121.165701

“Design of high-strength refractory complex solid-solution alloys,” npj Computational Materials 4:16 (2018). 10.1038/s41524-018-0072-0  

“Dirac Node Arcs in PtSn4,” Nature Physics 12, 667-671 (2016). 0.1038/nphys3712

“A generalized solid-state nudged-elastic-band method,” J. Chem. Phys. 136, 074103-8 (2012). 10.1063/1.3684549