Following is a list of reference samples:
Smart, N. 1976. The Religious Experience of Mankind. 2nd ed. New York: Scribner.
Cartwright, P. 1956. Autobiography of Peter Cartwright, the Backwoods Preacher. Ed. W. P. Strickland. Cincinnati, Ohio: L. Swormstedt and A. Poe.
Kamrany, N. M., and R. H. Day, eds. 1980. Economic Issues of the Eighties. Baltimore, Maryland: Johns Hopkins University Press.
Ogilvy, D. 1965. The creative chef. In The Creative Organization. Ed. G. A. Steiner, 199–213. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
McDaniel, T. J., D. D. Gemmill, D. R. Flugrad, and M. S. Devgun. 1990. An interdisciplinary approach to design education. In Proceedings of the 1990 North Midwest Section of ASEE, ed. J. H. Krouse, 299–304. 30 September–2 October, Michigan Technological University, Houghton.
Martin, S. W. In press. An evaluation of ionic conductivity in AgI glasses: The graded percolation model. Solid State Ionics. (Note that “In press” or “Accepted” are the only phrases that replace the year.)
Breitbach, K. L., and L. S. Chumbley. 1991. Comparison of nanocrystalline material produced using mechanical milling and an RF-plasma heating source. Scripta Metallurgica 25 (11): 2553. (Note that all volume numbers are Arabic, even if the reference itself uses Roman numerals.)
Hori, S. 1979. Some problems regarding Ch’ing rule over southern Sinkiang (in Japanese). Shigaku Zasshi 88 (March): 1–36.
Wipf, T. J., F. W. Klaiber, and M. J. Hall. 1990. Strengthening of steel stringer bridges by transverse and longitudinal stiffening. Transportation Research Record 1223:54–62. (Note that if there is no month or issue number in parentheses, there is no space after the colon.)
Iowa High Technology Council. 1988. Development of Amorphous Cutting Tools by Laser Processing. Final report.
Dreiser, D. J. 1987. One Million to One—Odds Are Against You. Report no. 192 to the State Lottery Commission. Champaign: University of Illinois Press.
Thesis or Dissertation
Ross, D. 1976. The Irish-Catholic immigrant, 1880–1900: A study in social mobility. Ph.D. dissertation, Department of Sociology, Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois.
Matthews, M. A., V. M. Shenai, and B. L. Hamilton. 1991. Diffusion in liquid and supercritical fluid mixtures. Paper presented at AIChE Fall National Meeting, 17–22 November, Springfield, Massachusetts.
Danofsky, R. A., and R. A. Hendrickson. 1971. Testing apparatus for count-rate circuits using pulses. U.S. Patent #3,609,536.
Colonel William Rich, telephone conversation with author, Oak Park, Illinois, 12 October 1989
World Wide Web
Burka, Lauren P. 1993. A hypertext history of multi-user dimensions. The MUDdex. HYPERLINK “http://www.apocalypse.org/pub/u/lpb/muddex/essay/” www.apocalypse.org/pub/u/lpb/muddex/essay/ (accessed 5 December 1994).
Franke, N., HYPERLINK “mailto:firstname.lastname@example.org” email@example.com. 29 April 1996. Use the subject line as the title. Type (personal email, distribution list, office communication) goes here, followed by date of access. (3 May 1996).
Boehnke, M. 2000. Review of Analysis of human genetic linkage, 3rd ed., by J. Ott. Am. J. Hum. Genet. 66:1725.
Play, Movie, TV, Concert, Etc. Review
Kauffman, S. 1989. Review of A dry white season (MGM movie). New Republic, October 9, 24–5.
Bolinger, D. Language: The Loaded Weapon (London: Longman, 1980), 192n23.
Cricket, J. 1952. The rise and fall of scrambled eggs. Abstract. Journal of Breakfast Cuisine 6 (67): 621.
House, E. M. 1979. The art of origami. Yale University Library.
Iowa State University Extension. 1995. Eat Wisely for You and Your Baby. PM 813. Ames, Iowa.
Winfrey, R. 1967. Statistical Analyses of Industrial Property Retirements. Bulletin 125 (revised). Engineering Research Institute, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa.
FileMaker®Pro 3.0 for Macintosh. 1990, 1992–1996. Santa Clara, California: Claris Corporation.
Cleese, J., T. Gilliam, E. Idle, T. Jones, and M. Palin. 2001. “Commentaries.” Disc 2. Monty Python and the Holy Grail, special ed. DVD. Directed by T. Gilliam and T. Jones. Culver City, California: Columbia Tristar Home Entertainment.
Art Institute of Chicago. 1971. American Art of the Colonies and Early Republic; Furniture, Paintings, and Silver from Private Collections in the Chicago Area. Chicago: Art Institute of Chicago.
A live performance is unrecoverable data, and therefore not subject to citation. If you get arguments about that, use the following (and, by the way, this was quite a performance):
Gostele, C. 1998. Leaving Your Oldest Child on a College Campus for the First Time and Not Breaking Down in Front of Him. Des Moines, Iowa: Drake University. Summer/Fall.
This is an obscure category. There has to be documentation for any product that has been developed, but that could be in many forms from reports to patents to Web pages. My suggestion is to use whichever of those formats applies (and this really covers any of the other citation styles in this list).
Solomon v State of New York (146 AD2d 439, 440 [1st Dept 1989], quoting Addington v Texas, 441 US 418, 427 ). Info: Case Name (Vol. Reporter firstpage, jumppage [court year], appellatehistory appellate decision [year]
Balmer, M. 2005. Database for reference citations. Panel member, First Annual ECSS Employee Conference, Acapulco, Mexico, January 2–30.
Ferguson, C. J., and B. A. Schaal. 1999. Phylogeography of Phlox pilosa subsp. ozarkana. Poster presented at the 16th International Botanical Congress, St. Louis.
Nass, C. 2000. Why researchers treat on-line journals like real people. Keynote address, annual meeting of the Council of Science Editors, San Antonio, Texas, May 6–9.