Now that you have found positions you are interested in, it is time to apply! At a minimum, you will need to submit your resume, but additional information is also often requested. For some positions, additional documents such as a cover letter or transcripts might be required. Even when not required, providing a cover letter to introduce yourself and highlight a few qualifications that make you a strong candidate for the specific position is always recommended if you have time to prepare a quality document. See Step 4 of the Employment Guide for more information on developing your marketing materials.
Employers collect job applicant materials in a variety of ways that include through CyHire, their own career website, email, regular mail, and in person. When applying online or in person, you may need to fill out an application profile and possibly answer a few screening questions. Some of the information (like gender, ethnicity, disabilities, etc.) is used by HR for equal employment opportunity compliance record keeping and is not shared with the selection committee or hiring manager. It is recommended that you answer all questions to prevent being eliminated from consideration due to an incomplete application.
Know Your Value
The “what is your salary expectation” question is frequently asked by employers to gauge whether a job candidate has a realistic understanding and expectation of the position and the salary. The question is often included when applying for a position through an employer’s website and it may be asked during an interview. Most employers say that the value provided by a candidate is not used to determine the actual salary offered, but expectations need to be in the ballpark of what they are prepared to offer. To set starting salaries, many of the larger employers use formulas that includes major, GPA, relevant work experience, etc. to calculate starting salary, but not all employers have this capability. To ensure that you receive a competitive salary and are not bypassed by providing an unrealistic salary expectation (too low or too high), it is important to know your market value. Below are a few tips to navigate this question.
You resume should be written to impress both a keyword scanner and a recruiter.
Minimum Effort = Minimum Results
Whenever you are applying for a position, read the details carefully, paying close attention to deadlines. Whether a position has a hard deadline or no deadline, you should apply as soon as possible to ensure you will be in consideration before they close the position or get enough qualified candidates.
It is also beneficial to tailor your resume to a specific position, because recruiters look for keywords and many employers use scanning software to automatically score resumes and rank candidates. To be rated as high as possible, ensure that your resume includes as many of the skills and keywords mentioned in the job description as you can legitimately defend. This is especially important when applying for positions with the federal government where a multi-page resume is perfectly acceptable for all candidates. It is not effective to trick the scanner by simply listing skills and keywords in a skills section (other than programming languages, software, and equipment that you have used), because the next level of screening will involve a person reviewing your resume. They will want to see well-written, skills-based work impact statements within your work experience and other sections that provide “proof” of your successful use of the skills and knowledge.
If you are interested in applying to government positions, additional information can be found in our special considerations section.